FAQ’s on Regenerative Medicine and Los Angeles Stem Cell Treatment
Stem cells are the foundation cells for our bodies. These specialized cells make up tissues and organs, which form shortly after embryo formation in the uterus. As a person forms and develops, he/she continuously replenishes stem cells that are used to repair injured tissues.
Stem cells are defined by: their ability to self-renew and divide and their ability to differentiate into more specialized cells that make up the organs and tissues. These specialized cells can be injected into damaged and injured body regions.
What are the various types of stem cells?
There are many kinds of stem cells. These include:
- Embryonic stem cells – These cells exist in the earliest stages of development. They can be grown during fetal development and are quite valuable for regenerative medicine. These cells will differentiate into many cell types. Embryonic stem cells are used to test new drugs and replace injured tissues and damaged organs. These are NOT used in treatment at our centers.
- Tissue-specific (adult stem cells) – Appear during fetal development and remain throughout life in the body. These cells are multipotent, which means that can convert into a number of different mature cell types. Various tissues contain these stem cells that replace cells and restore tissue after injury. Intestine, muscle, skin, and bone marrow each have stem cells.
- Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) – Created in the laboratory and not found in other areas of the body. iPS cells are non-pluripotent, which means they can transform into any cell type found in the body. These cells are reprogrammed to an unspecialized state, and they hold promise for creating disease-specific cell lines, which are used for research.
What is regenerative medicine?
The goal of regenerative medicine is to repair tissues or organs damaged by aging, trauma, and disease. Regenerative medicine allows function of tissues to potentially be improved, however, the field is very new and we do not have large clinical trials for conditions yet. The stem cells can be obtained from bone marrow, peri-natal tissues, or adipose.
Do stem cell injections work?
Several small studies show that stem cells may help with hip, knee, shoulder pain. In a recent study, the quality of regenerated tissue was higher in patients treated with stem cell injections. We need larger studies to know just how well regenerative therapies work.
The various regenerative procedures being used at our California stem cell therapy clinics are: